A lot of riders, when it comes to suspension, can be a little bit intimidated when it comes to adjusting and tuning their suspension. We don’t understand it all that well. But the truth is, it’s not that difficult to fine-tune and set up your suspension as long as you know the basics of how it works. Here in this article, we are going elaborate on how to set up the dirt bike suspension?
Setting up the suspension is not an impossible work, as long as you know what you’re base setting is, you look at your owner’s manual,
For example, your bike shows the symptoms while riding when the dirt bike valves are tight. For understanding it clearly you need to identify the Symptoms of Tight Valves Motorcycle.
So, it is a good idea to read your owner’s manual, look at what you have, consult others on the track, and get a feel of that. That is a good tip on keeping your suspension up to date and ready to go.
What is Suspension On A Dirt Bike?
The suspension is essential on dirt bikes. A suspension system was not even invented until the 1970s but has since become standard for all cars, trucks, and motorcycles.
A vehicle with a suspension that allows the rider to control the bike during cornering is referred to as a suspension bike. If you don’t know what is dirt bike cornering and Why Do Suzuki Dirt Bike Cornering So well you must read about it?
The suspension basically provides the ability for the bike to “bounce” or otherwise bounce up and down off of the road as opposed to just skidding along like an ordinary motorcycle.
When using the bike for a recreational or competitive purpose, it is crucial to ensure that the suspension of the bike is set up correctly to maximize performance.
For instance, when riding an ATV, the suspension angles will be in the 45-degree angle to the ground, but with the front suspension, it will be more than likely be set up more to the left for more comfortable braking and manoeuvring.
Purpose of Suspension on a dirt bike
The primary purpose of a suspension on a dirt bike is to provide a more comfortable ride by allowing the rider to maintain control while the bike is leaned over.
As you probably guessed, the bike must be set up correctly before any of the suspension can be installed. One reason for this is because if the bike is not set up correctly, the suspension may be damaged beyond repair. A fully adjustable suspension may not be possible with all of the bikes that are available.
The best way to start is to take your bike out for a test drive. Simply make sure that the seat is loose enough so that you can comfortably stand up and lean over the bike.
Modern suspension forks come in varying sizes depending on the manufacturer. However, if you are replacing the forks for any reason other than to change the suspension, you should keep in mind that if you decide to go with a smaller fork, you are going to have to add a new set of tires and possibly a new shock absorber.
If you decide to go with a bigger tire than what the current tire is going to fit onto, you will need to install a wheel or tire combo with the new size tires, or you can get a new front suspension fork that fits the current tire.
Be careful when adjusting the forks though, because it is straightforward to break the front suspension mount if you are not careful.
Suspension on a dirt bike can be used for much more than merely just a comfortable ride. When it comes to the suspension on a dirt bike, it is essential to remember that any modifications or improvements made can adversely affect the ride quality of the bike.
If there is a suspension system already in place on the bike, then it is still essential to make sure that the bike is set up correctly. In a dirt bike if valve clearance is not improper then it affects the performance. You need to understand how does a valve clearance affect the performance when it is loose or tight.
What is Compression?
The compression is the forks compressing up inside rebound, and it is rebounding out to their full state. When the tires move, and they encounter obstacles, it will force the forks up inside of themselves and that is compressing the fork.
After the obstacle is cleared or whatever the forks will then rebound back down.
By using the suspension, we are transferring, and we are converting the energy of the tire being pushed up inside of the forks, we’re converting that energy into heat inside of the cartridge.
What is Compression On A Dirt Bike?
Compression on a dirt bike is often overlooked. One of the most important things to remember when riding a dirt bike is how you wear the tires.
A lot of people wear their tires the wrong way, which is going to be ineffective. If you can’t find traction on the street, you can’t do well on the trail. As it is, a rider who can’t stay on their bike in a crash isn’t going to get anywhere.
Remember, there are two components to a tire. There is the actual tire itself, and then there is the tire’s tread, which holds the shape of the tire. Compression, on a dirt bike, is used to take away or add weight to the tread, which can be done to create traction.
If you have a tire that is heavy, and the tread is flatter, it is going to do more to grip the ground than if it is balanced out. This means that the weight has to come from somewhere.
To compensate for the increased weight, there is a compressing force applied. The aim is to match To keep the pressure constant, and the tire will expand weight.
Since a tire is always going to be working with the same amount of weight, it won’t compress evenly. This means that the tire needs to be kept under constant pressure. In order to maintain the pressure constant, the tire will expand. This is exactly why it is important to wear your tires correctly.
When you ride on a dirt bike, the seat is not going to sit on your back. Instead, it is going to be in the down position, and the back end of the bike is going to press into the ground. That is going to help raise the front end off the ground.
It also makes a big difference when the bike is moving downhill. With a tire that is too far back, you are never going to have traction when going downhill.
On top of that, even when the tire is being pushed onto the ground, the tire will be pushed up against the bb’s. The tire is going to create more drag, which is going to lower the speed of the bike. The result is that you won’t be able to stay on the bike.
In order to prevent the tire from becoming overloaded, it is important to keep it properly inflated. This is a good rule of thumb for every dirt bike. The tire should always be one or two pounds over the recommended pressure.
If you can’t figure out the exact pressure on your tire, it’s best to consult an experienced dirt bike rider, as they can tell you what your tire pressure should be. It is also good to check your tire pressure on a regular basis, as it can affect how much you pay at the pump.
For example, it may be higher if you are going to a race on a Sunday night, and you have made the mistake of blowing your tire out on the road.
Keep your tire in a sealed airbag. This helps to keep the air pressure within your tire, which is necessary to prevent getting the bike all the way off the ground.
Don’t run it at too low a pressure; remember that it needs to have enough pressure in order to provide traction. Know your limits. If you go over what you are comfortable doing, it is time to change the tire.
Understanding high and low compression
When the bike is going 70 miles an hour through the desert if the whoops you’re hitting have very rounded backsides. You’re not applying a lot of force as you hit each one. The shaft speed might be very slow, which would be a low-speed compression and rebound circuit.
Now say on a motocross track you might be going 15 miles an hour as you exit a rut, and you might hit a bottomless and square-edged hole.
This will abruptly force the shock through its travel, and that will be a high-speed motion because the shaft speed was fast, so once you can grasp. It is a lot easier to understand when to make high and low-speed adjustments.
How to set up dirt bike suspension?
If you are a beginner who is about to get into the world of dirt bikes, then you must know how to set up your dirt bike suspension. This is because a broken down suspension can mean severe damage to your bike.
First of all, make sure that you don’t put too much pressure on the bike. If you are having problems with the bike coming to a stop abruptly when you let off the throttle, then the suspension needs some adjusting. It may need a bit of tuning up.
If you are riding on a remarkably level road, you don’t have to worry about the adjustment, but if you are going down a steep hill, you will need to do so. If you set up your suspension too high or too low, you could seriously damage your bike.
If you are using a suspension that does not have a flat top or a dual mount type, you may want to have both installed at the same time. One can be adjusted while the other is in use.
Having your bike set up the right way will give you a much better ride and allow you to go much faster. The settings that are used should be closely monitored so that there aren’t any sudden jumps.
Make sure that you always have brand new parts in the rear. Do not keep things in that area, as that can cause rust to build up. That is one of the first things you need to know if you are not a professional.
Make sure that you only put your gas tank above the bike. The radiator that you are most likely using should be above the bike, and that’s where the oil is going.
You will also want to consider having your air filters and your hoses swapped out with those used by professional riders. The connections should be made differently than they are on your bike.
If you don’t have the best open-air, you will experience much more vibration and shaking, and it will be challenging to ride. It will take a lot of practice to master the art of handling this type of bike, but it can be done. Here is the list of Best 2 and 4 stroke Dirt Bike Engine Oil to increase the performance of your motorcycle.
Your tires should also be adjusted if you are using an air-filled tire. Air pressure is significant when you ride on dirt. Overall, if you are going to do all the riding that you plan to do on your dirt bike, then you will need to make sure that you know how to set up your bike correctly. That will keep you from making mistakes that can cause you to have a bad ride. Let’s know the method one by one.
On top of the fork, a screw will be there, and that is going to be your compression adjuster. Counterclockwise is going to soften it, and clockwise is going to stiffen it up.
Whether if you want a stiffer front suspension, you have to turn it to the right, and you will feel and hear a little click, and that’s one is the adjustment to soften your suspension.
If you’re riding and it’s too uncomfortable and feels like the shocks aren’t giving enough. You have to turn it counterclockwise, and it will soften them up.
If they’re too soft and your nose is diving on front braking, so you have to tighten it up. Turn it clockwise, and whatever you do to one, you have to also do for the other side.
With a screwdriver unscrew them, and you’ll hear the air come out, then you screw them back. Do this to both sides, and it is suggested that you have to do that after every time you ride because the shock and the fork will build up the air inside it so if you want it to operate correctly, you need to bleed your Forks.
Moving to rebound adjustment, this is going to be at the bottom of your fork. You’ll be able to see a screw that looks a lot like the top one
Rebound is how fast or how slow your shock is going to extend to its extended position after being compressed.
So if you’re coming into a corner and you do not have the control, you’re probably rebounding too fast.
So to get a slower rebound, you have to turn the screw to your right turn means in the clockwise direction, and that will make your bounce the opposite way that’s going to speed up your rebound.
Both too fast and too slow could negatively affect your handling, so you have to work with it and see what works best for you as with your compression. Your rebound, you have to do the same to both sides.
Your rear shock has low speed and high-speed compression adjustment. Your low-speed adjustment is turning it counterclockwise. If you want to soften it, then turn it in a clockwise direction. They’re going to stiffen it until it clicks on your low-speed adjustment.
If you wanted to soften your quick adjustment, then turn it counterclockwise. If you’re going to tighten or stiffen your quick change, turn it clockwise. With your low-speed adjustment, this is going to be how stiff your shock is when it’s compressing slowly.
So if you’re going over rolling bumps, this is what’s going to affect.
The rebound adjustment is going to operate the same way, the rebound on your courts. Turning it in the H direction, it is going to slow down your rebound and turning it in the S direction, which would be counterclockwise, which is going to speed up your rebound.
Turn it clockwise, slows down your rebound the same as your Forks.
Basic Suspension Tips
It’s not always your suspension that is causing the problems. Sometimes your positioning can also cause issues. So if you haven’t taken the time to properly learn how to put your body weight in the right spots at the right time, no matter what suspension you have, it isn’t gonna work like you would like it to. So an imbalance in body position at any point is going to affect the suspension.
Alignment of Fork
If the fork is not aligned correctly, it can cause problems for your dirt bike. So to align, you have to torque the front end, air axle, triple tree bolts, and the left side of the bike. You have to do this three times.
On the third time, you have to check that if your front fork tubes are lined while a brake is pressed in, you’ve to go to torque our axle pinch bolts simply.
Adjusting your clickers
To adjust the clicker, you have to turn the clicker all the way clockwise. Now for changing the clicker, you have to open clicker up to 10 and then rebound set it to 18.
There will be a screw on the bottom, and you have to count the clicks again. You have to turn clockwise bottoming out the clicker and then open it up 18.
Servicing your suspension
It is servicing your suspension every 30 to 50 hours after 30 to 50 hours. What happens is the oil develops some polymers, and it has stiction and friction, it changes the performance of the bike. It can change the compression and it will also rebound damping. The reason that it is recommended to service your suspension every 30 to 50 hours.
Being a beginner you must know what is suspension and how to set up dirt bike suspension. We have already discussed that a lack of knowledge can turn in to damage to your motorcycle if you are not aware of this. Detailed information has been shared here for setting up the suspension. I hope you like the article and you will subscribe to our blog.
Have Fun and Happy Riding